Leroy Hood is an American biologist who served at the California Institute of Technology and the University of Washington. Hood made possible major advances in the biological sciences and the medical sciences by developing groundbreaking scientific instruments.
It includes the first gas-phase protein sequencer, a DNA synthesizer, a peptide synthesizer, the first automated DNA sequencer, ink-jet oligonucleotide technology, and nanostring technology.
Hood established the first cross-disciplinary biology department at the University of Washington in 1992.
Quick Facts of Leroy Hood
Leroy “Lee” Edward Hood
October 10, 1938
83 years old
Thomas Edward Hood
Myrtle Evylan Wadsworth
One sister and Two brothers
Russ Prize, Albert Lasker Award, Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology
Complex Traits, Loose Leaf Version for Genetics
California Institute of Technology
Johns Hopkins University
Early life of Leroy Hood
Leroy Hood, an American Biologist, was born on October 10, 1938, in Missoula, Montana. He was a child of Father (Thomas Edward Hood) and Mother (Myrtie Evylan Wadsworth). Talking about his family, his father was an electrical engineer, while his mother had a degree in home economics. Similarly, Hood belongs to a family with two brothers and a sister, and he was one of the four children.
The Hood on both California Institute of Technology and the University of Washington Hood has served the faculties as an American biologist. In addition, his grandparents used to run a summer geology camp for university students and were also known for being ranchers.
Likewise, he was exceptionally good at or proficient at mathematics and science and has won a Westinghouse Science Talent Search nationally, being one of the forty students. Hood was born in an average United States family.
Leroy starts high school after his family moved to Shelby for Leroy’s study. He used to play football and played for a team which was undefeated almost three and a half year. Similarly, he also used to take geology classes with his grandparents and get much more time to spend with him exploring nature and used to even walk with him in surrounding mountains.
While studying high school, he was offered to teach some classes being much more interested in biology. And he even was much more liked students by many of the teachers. Hood was offered to move to Caltech by his science teacher too.
Hood began his classes academically, and many students were far ahead of him. Here he faced his most challenging academic year because he needs to work very hard to catch up with those in Caltech.
There in Caltech, all the students were very smart and want to make themselves different from others as Leroy did. He was even much more interested in molecular and cellular biology, which Hood did not study at Caltech.
Before he undertook a PhD degree, he wanted to broaden his understanding, so he took up 2-year courses in many fields such as anatomy, histology, pathology, microbiology, and pharmacology.
Hood undergo a 3-year special program in medical school at Johns Hopkins, where he got an M.D. Hood’s early research was based on the topic “antibody proteins of plasma cell tumours in mice and humans.”
Later he concluded that “antibody chains were actually encoded with two completely different types of genes: a variable gene and a constant gene.” A variable gene was for recognition of the foreign molecular patterns, while a constant gene facilitated the killing responses of antibody molecules.
Age, Height, Weight, and Marriage
Hood is currently 83 years old and running. Hood’s height is approximately 6 feet and 2inches, while his body weight is 379 lbs (approximately 171.9 kg).
Hood’s eye color is Dark brown, hair color is Blonde, and shoe size is 10.5 (U.S.), 9.5 (U.K.), 44.5(E.U.), 28.25(CM). His birth date is October 10.
Career Life of Leroy Hood
A Hard work person gets successful in life as Leroy hood was also very much a hard-working person. He was very much keener in his profession from his early start. With persistence and a positive mentality, he was always maintained from his mentality side.
Every successful person has their own struggling life behind them. Similarly, Hood also faces many problems behind his success in his career, struggling to develop the skill and working process he wants to work on things he likes.
As a scientific investigator, Hood joined the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to work in the National Cancer Institute’s immunology branch in 1967. He worked there for three years and returned to Caltech as an assistant professor.
He was later promoted to a higher post too as an associate professor in 1973, as a full professor in 1975, and as a Bowles professor of Biology in 1977. Almost or nine years between 1980 to 1989, he served as chairman of the Division of Biology and director of Caltech’s special Cancer Center.
In 1989 he worked in one of the founding research centres of the Beckman Institute at Caltech for the development of an Integrated Protein and Nucleic Acid Biotechnology. Leroy decided to move to the University of Washington at Seattle in October 1991 to direct the first cross-disciplinary biology department.
Leroy Hood at University of Washington
By this work, Bill gates even awarded him $12 million. Later he became co-founder and president of the non-profit Institute for Systems Biology after resigning his position at the University of Washington in 2000. He worked there as co-founder with chemist Ruedi Aebersold and immunologist Alan Aderem.
In fields like Bioengineering, Immunology, and computer science, he is still working at the University of Washington as an affiliate professor. Later on, he with his team partnered with the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in Columbus to establish the non-profit P4 medicine Institute in 2010.
But this P4 medicine later signed an agreement with Peacehealth (a non-profit Catholic health care system) and opened branches in Alaska, Washington, and Oregon. He started up a scientific wellness service in 2015, but it gets collapsed in 2019.
Hood published more than 700 peer-reviewed papers, received 36 patents, and co-authored textbooks in biochemistry, immunology, molecular biology. He co-authored a book on the sequencing of the human genome with Daniel J. Kelves too.
Discovery of Leroy Hood
Hood invented all P2, P3, and P4 all kinds of medicine. The last one, p4, is most predictive, preventive, personalized, and participatory with the convergence of system medicine, patient healthcare, social networks, and biodata.
Later on, Hood argues in this medicine, and he concluded that P4 medicine would improve its all healthcare, promote its innovation and finally decrease its cost in 2010. Based on Caruthers’s work elucidating the chemistry of phosphoramidite oligonucleotide synthesis was the first automated DNA synthesizer made in collaboration with Marvin H. Caruthers of the University of Colorado Boulder to make a prototype.
His prototype was able to form short pieces of DNA called oligonucleotides, used for DNA mapping and gene identification. Hood with his partner Stephen B.H. Kent developed a protein synthesizer at Caltech between 1983 to 1989, which assembles long peptides and short proteins from amino acid subunits.
Leroy Hood: Noble Prize Winner
He has much greater and greater achievements in his life the date. Hood was a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 1982 and 2007 and was formerly the Institute of Medicine in 2003. Hood is one to have ever been selected in all three National academies worldwide.
Also, in 2012 hood was even a member of the National Academy of Inventors’ charter, American Society for Microbiology, member of the American Philosophical Society, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Including studies from Johns Hopkins and Yale University, he has received 17 honorary degrees to date. For the studies of the mechanism of immune diversity with his partner Philip Leder and Susumu Tonegawa, Hood shared the Albert Lasker Award, also known as the “American Noble Prize ” for Basic Medical Research in 1987.
- He received awards for Kyoto prize for Advanced technology for developing automated technologies for analyzing proteins and genes
- Leroy was awarded Lemelson-MIT for Innovation and Invention four instruments that have unlocked much of the mystery of human biology
- Biotechnology Heritage Award, Heinz Award in technology, economy, and employment
- Hall of the frame for the automated DNA sequencer in biomedical science on the genetic level
- Leroy received Pittcon Heritage Award for helping to transform the biotechnology industry
- He received Kistler Prize for contributions to genetics.
- Russ prize for automating DNA sequencing that revolutionized biomedicine and forensic science
- Leroy was awarded by President Obama for the National Medal of Science at a White House.
- IEEE Medal for Innovations in Healthcare Technology
- Ellis Island Medal of Honor and finally NAS Award for Chemistry in Service to Society, respectively.
Net Worth of Leroy Hood
The recently done research-based study confirmed that the net worth of Leroy Hood is $1.44 million currently. Similarly, over 5000 units of Omerous stock worth over $1,305,920 is owned by Hood.
As an independent Director at Omeros, he even did make it worth $132,670. Since 2009 Leroy trades about 2,532 units every 221 days. However, getting with Gregory Demopulos there are 7 executives at Omeros getting paid more and more with the highest compensation of $4,825,130.
Gregory A Md Demopulos, Marcia S. Kelbon, and Daniel K Spiegelman are the most active Hood’s trade insiders.
Quotes of Leroy Hood
- If you just focus on the smallest details, you will never get the big picture right.
- In the end, what counts is what you do.
- Changing the world is not east, but its pursuit will change you profoundly.
- Life is a process of evolution and anyone who thinks the current world order is OK does not get what evolution is all about.
- The wellness and prevention market will outgrow the health care market.
- I already get 10 job offers a year, which is more than I can handle anyway.
- My fundamental philosophy is that you owe it to society to transfer to them the knowledge you have that might be useful.
- Almost never does a single company have excellence in a multiplicity of disciplines.
- For scientific researchers, charitable donations are enormous engines of new opportunities.
- The major thing is to view biology as information science.
- New Ideas require new structures.