Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose was a reputed biologist, botanist, and physicist who has also contributed his work in the world of science fiction. He was the first person to investigate radio and microwave optics. It is also regarded as one of the significant contributions to plant science that created experimental science foundations in the Indian subcontinent.
Not to mention, IEEE gave him the honor to be named as the father of radio science. Also, there is a crater on the moon with his name. He was the founder of Bose Institute, established in the year of 1917. Let’s get to know Bose better through some quick facts;
Some Quick Facts About Jagdish Chandra Bose
Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose
Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose
November 30, 1858
Age of Death
79 years old
Cause of Death
November 23, 1937
Munsiganj, Bengal presidency (currently Bangladesh
Bhagawan Chandra Bose
Bama Sundari Bose
University of Calcutta
St. Xavier’s School
University of Cambridge
University College London
Physicist, Biologist, Botanist
Nationality, Parents, and Siblings
This famous biologist was born in the Bengali Kayastha family in Munsiganj, Bengal presidency (currently Bangladesh). Therefore he belonged to an Indian nationality. He was born to mother Bama Sundari Bose and father Bhagawan Chandra Bose on November 30, 1858.
Bhagawan was a leading member of Brahmo Samaj, a deputy magistrate and assistant commissioner in Faridpur, Bardhaman, including other places. Unfortunately, there is no information about his brothers and sisters.
Childhood and Education
Jagdish persuaded his study in a vernacular school. His father genuinely believed that one must know one’s mother tongue before learning English and that one should get to know one’s, own people. During that period, sending kids to English school was no less than an aristocratic status symbol.
In the year 1869, Bose enrolled in the Hare School and later went to St. Xavier’s School located at Kolkata. By 1875, he had already passed the Entrance Examination of the University of Calcutta and studied there. Amidst his school life, he got to know Jesuit, father of Eugene Lafont. It is also said that he played a significant role in sparking the interest in natural sciences.
Luckily in 1879, Jagdish got his BA from the University of Calcutta. In order to compete Indian Civil Service, this biologist was willing to visit England. However, his father disagreed and canceled the plan. According to his father, he wanted his son to be a scholar who would rule nobody but himself.
Later on, Jagdish went to study Medicine in England at the University of London. Due to his worsening health, he had to leave it in the middle. Even more, the pungent smell from the dissection rooms has elevated his illness. Under the supervision of Anandamohan Bose and the first Indian Wrangler, he enrolled in Christ’s college.
There he received a BA in Natural Sciences Tripod from the University of Cambridge and BSc from the University College London in 1884. Surprisingly he garnered all the knowledge from reputed teachers at Cambridge such as Michael Foster, Lord Rayleigh, James Dewar, Francis Balfour, Francis Darwin, Sidney Vines, to name some.
Wife and Kids
Jagdish walked down the aisle with beautiful Abala Bose. Unlike this physicist, she was a social worker who dedicated her life to the widows. She was an astounding social worker and feminist. Talking about kids, there are no details about it.
Jagdish Chandra Bose Career and Invention
Bose was highly influenced by Lodge’s work on Hertzian waves’ quasi-optical nature and displayed their similarity to light and vision, including transmission and reflection at distances up to 50 meters. Soon he did microwave research which reduced the waves to about 5 mm wavelength. From that research, he got to know the disadvantage of long waves for studying their light-like properties.
In November 1894, Jagdish ignited gunpowder and rang a bell from a distance using millimeter range wavelength microwaves on a public demonstration at the Town Hall of Kolkata. Luckily, Lieutenant-Governor Sir Wiliam Mackenzie adored his work. Later on, he wrote a Bengali essay titles Adrisy Alok, translated as invisible Light. He mentioned,
“The invisible light can easily pass through brick walls, buildings, etc. Therefore, messages can be transmitted by means of it without the mediation of wires.”
Jagdish released his first scientific paper named On polarisation of electric rays by double-refracting crystals in May 1895. Another paper was communicated to the Royal Society of London by Lord Rayleigh in the same year. In December, London journal Electrician published his paper on On a new electro-polariscope.
After that, Bose planned to perfect his coherer but never got a second thought on parenting it. He traveled to London in 1896 for a lecture and got to know inventor Guglielmo Marconi. During that time, he had been building a radio wave wireless telegraphy system. In an interview, Jagdish revealed his disinterest in commercial telegraphy and advised tother to utilize his work.
Not to mention in 1899, Jagdish notified his work on iron mercury iron cohere with telephone detector. It was published in a paper of Royal Society, London.
Research on plants
As mentioned above, Jagdish was not only a physicist; he was a botanist too. He developed his study on Mimosa pudics and Desmodium gyrans plants. The most significant contribution of Bose happens to be while demonstrating the electrical nature of the conduction of several stimuli such as chemical agents, wounds, and others. Prior to this, there were thought to possess chemical nature.
Furthermore, Jagdish invented a torsional recorder in order to acknowledge the heliotropic movements of plants. Even more, he was the first one to study the activity of microwaves in plant tissues and changes in the cell membrane potential. He thoroughly researched the mechanism of effects of a different season, temperature, chemical inhibitors on the plant.
Research on Metal Fatigue and Cell Response
Jagdish conducted a study to research the fatigue response of organic tissue and metals in plants. A metal was put through thermal, mechanical, chemical, and electrical stimuli and pointed out its similarities and cells. He thoroughly described how a cyclical fatigue response in stimulated cells, metals, and recovers across multiple types of stimuli in both living cells and metals.
Bose documented an electrical response curve of plant cells against the electrical stimulus. He also pointed out the decrease and eventual absence of such response in plants that were treated with poison or anesthesia. The response was reported to be absent in zinc when treated with oxalic acid. Even more, Bose noted a similar elasticity reduction between colled metal wires and organic cells.
Jagdish Chandra Bose Net Worth
It is apparent that this biologist cum botanist made a hefty amount of money from his work. Along with cash, he was able to garner a reputation in his life. Sadly there is no valid information about Jagdish’s net worth, but we bet that he earned enough.
This outstanding physicist, biologist, a botanist has contributed to different sectors of science. Unfortunately, he died on November 23, 1937, in Girdih, Bengal Presidency, British India, India. During his demise, he was 78 years old.
Legacy, Awards, and Honors
Now, Jagdish’s place in history has been re-evaluated. Not only he developed radio communication, but he also discovered millimeter-length electromagnetic waves and became a pioneer of biophysics. His instruments are still on display and are still used, although it has been 100 years. The device includes waveguides, antennas, polarisers, amongst others.
In order to commemorate his birth centenary, West Bengal initiated the JBNSTS scholarship. In the same year, India started developing post stamp bearing his portrait, and a documentary on his life was released. Later on, the documentary was directed by Tapan Sinha.
On 2012 September 14, his experimental work in millimeter-band radio was acknowledged as the Milestone in Electrical and Computer Engineering. In the year 2016, November 30, he was celebrated in a Google Doodle. Even more, the Bank of England decided to redesign the 50 UK Pound currency note with a reputed scientist. Among many, Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose was present on the nomination list.
There is no denying that Jagdish made received awards and honors throughout the world. However, he did not garner any Nobel prize.
Jagdish Chandra Bose Books
Along with many research papers, theory, Jagdish has also written science fiction stories. He made his debut in 1896 with Niruddesher Kahini (The Study of the Mission One). It is a short story that later got extended and added to the Abyakta collection in 1921. The title was later changed to Palatka Tuphan (Runaway Cyclone).
This book is the first works of Bengali science fiction that got translated into the English language by Bodhisattva Chattopadhyay. In addition to this, he published a book named Response in the Living and Non-living in 1902. Following that, Bose released Plant response as a means of physiological investigation in 1906 and Comparative Electrophysiology: A Physico-physiological Study in 1907.
Moreover, Jagdish published Researches on Irritability of Plants, Life Movements in Plants (vol.1), Life Movements in Plants, Volume II, Physiology of the Ascent of Sap, The physiology of photosynthesis, The Nervous Mechanism of Plants, Growth and tropic movements of plants in 1913, 1985, 1919, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1929 respectively.
Jagdish Chandra Jose Quotes
- It would be our worst enemy who would wish us to live only on the glories of the past and die off from the face of the earth in sheer passivity. By continuous achievement alone we can justify our great ancestry. We do not honour our ancestors by the false claim that they are omniscient and had nothing more to learn. – Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose
- Knowledge is never the exclusive possession of any favoured race; the whole world is inter-dependent and a constant stream of though ages enriched the common heritage of mankind. – Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose
- The true laboratory is the mind, where behind illusions we uncover the laws of truth. – Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose
- What is the invention of Jagdish Chandra Bose?
Jagdish Chandra Bose invented Crescograph.
- What is Jagdish Chandra famous for?
Jagdish Chandra is famous for his Bengali science fiction, an invention of Crescograph, and as the founder of Bose Institute in India.