Do you know who Jacques Cousteau is? Here, we will explain to you about Jacques Cousteau.
Jacques was a French naval officer, and he was an explorer. Additionally, he was also a conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist. Also a photographer, and he was a researcher and an author.
Jacques is well known mostly for the underwater series he made. Cousteau is also known as the most wealthy Oceanographer in France. He also Co established the Aqua Lung, marine conservation, and additionally, Jacques was also a team member of the Academie Francaise.
Quick Facts of Jacques Cousteau
June 11, 1910
Age of Death
87 years old
Saint Andre de Cubzac, France
Pierre Antoine Cousteau
Aqua Lung and Turbo Sail
Jean Michael Cousteau
Pierre Yves Cousteau
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Founder’s Gold Medal
International Emmy Founders Award
The Ocean World of Jacques Cousteau
The Silent World: A Story of Undersea Discovery and Adventure
College Stanislas de Paris
Inventor, Biologist, Engineer, Film Director, and Explorer
The Early Life of Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau was born on June 11, 1910 in Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac, France. His father, Daniel Cousteau, was a French Lawyer, and Cousteau’s mother, Elisabeth Cousteau, the daughter of a rich local wine seller and landowner. He has two granddaughters named Alexandra Cousteau and Celine Cousteau.
According to researchers, Jacques learned to swim at the early age of four years old. Meanwhile, Jacques was ten years old, and he was shifted to New York with his family. After shifting there, Jacques learned to speak English adequately.
As he was French, his English wasn’t that good before coming to New York. He also improvised his swimming and diving. At the camping period, Jacques initiated diving as it was also the camp’s policy to clean the lakes that were nearer.
The most interesting part, Cousteau loved swimming underwater, and even though he didn’t have a pair of goggles, he never lost hope of swimming. After staying in New York, Jacques’s Family decided to return to France. After returning to France, the Cousteau family shifted to the Mediterranean city of Marseilles.
Alongside, in Marseilles, the explorer Jacques begins diving in the warm sea. Additionally, the filmmaker bought a movie camera, from which he started studying how it works.
He was a boy who didn’t have good academic grades. However, Jacques also lacked discipline a lot. After seeing this, Daniel and Elisabeth planned to send Jacques to a boarding school that was strict enough.
At the age of 20, Cousteau passed the exams of the French Naval Academy in Brest. Here he was trained for two years, staying a year at sea. After this, Jacques was also mentioned as a second deputy in the year 1933.
Cousteau’s Paralyzed journey
Around the year 1935, the naval officer Jacques initiated training to become a naval aircraft pilot. In 1936 after one year of training, he completed the training to the extent. After the completion of training, Cousteau met with a near-fatal car accident. He was driving at speed, Cousteau lost his control and flew off the road.
Therefore, due to the accident, Jacques Cousteau lost his right side strength, he got paralyzed. Additionally, his bones were highly broken, and fractures were there in both of Jacques’s arms.
Doctors concluded that he had got a severe infection in his right side paralyzed arm. The doctors suggested cutting off his right arm, and if he didn’t want to cut the arm, it would be a life-risking decision.
However, Jacques didn’t want to cut the arm, so his arms weren’t abandoned. God always surprises humans; even after not cutting his arms, Jacques was alive. Additionally, Cousteau’s career as a pilot was over.
Recovering period of the naval officer Jacques
Cousteau was undergoing physiotherapy. The therapy included swimming, which assisted him in getting his power back on his broken bones. After this, the explorer became well recovered.
Jacques decided on being an instructor for naval gunnery. He continued his swimming, seeing his will power the aircraft’s pilot provided Jacques with swimming goggles. At this period of instance, the sea-ground’s beauty with its flora and fauna had attracted Jacques in many aspects. Therefore, Cousteau decided to continue his diving profession his entire life.
World War 2: Despair, Spying and Inventing the Diving regulator
During the initiation of World War 2, Jacques was working as a gunnery officer. Simultaneously, the ships of the frame blasted in the Base of Italian Naval at Genoa near the border between France and Italy.
After hearing this, Jacques starts to think about his Italian Friends. Meanwhile, when France gave up to Germany in 1940, the south of France was run by the Vichy regime.
When the war wasn’t started, Jacques was enlisted in France’s intelligence service. Cousteau lived in France when the war was taking place, and Cousteau worked hard in operations that were in opposition to Italy.
After the ending of War, Jacques was awarded France’s Military Cross: “With palm and two quotations.”
Marine Cameraman and Prize for Film
While the war was ongoing, Jacques started the work that would make him the globe’s famous human. Around 1942, Jacques and his friend Marcel Ichac traveled underwater with an underwater camera around the Embiez Islands in the French Mediterranean.
There both the friends made a movie underseas. They named the movie “18 Meters Deep” in the same year they were awarded an art prize for their hard work.
Jacques Cousteau invented the Diving Regulator.
Cousteau was worried about the breathing equipment that is provided to the divers. In 1942, Emilie Gagnan, a French Engineer, invented a demand regulator to control gas flow in engines. This type of regulator allows only gas via “on-demand,” it does not usually do.
This made the scientist Jacques more eager, and he was sure that this is right for the divers. After this, Cousteau discussed it with Gagnan and made few modifications to it. They both integrated the brand onto SCUBA appliances. He gave brilliant results.
Awards and Achievements of Jacques Cousteau
Jacques won Palme d’Or in 1956 for Best Documentary in 1965; a presidential Medal of freedom in 1985, Academy Award for Best Short Film in 1960, and BAFTA Fellowship in 1975.
Jacques is also an Oscar winner. He won it in 1965 for Best Documentary . During 1965 Cousteau also won Le Monde Sans Soleil . Alongside Jacques also won Histoire d’un poisson rouge fin 1959.
Cousteau also won Primetime Emmy Awards that includes prime time Emmy Winner in 1985 for outstanding informational special. Furthermore, he also won the Primetime Nominee award in 1985, the same year he won the winner tag.
Jacques is also the Babi Awards winner. He won it in 1992. In 1970 Jacques again won the Bambi Winner award. Moreover, the award-winning program didn’t finish Cousteau yet again won the CableACE Awards.
Cannes Film Festival is the dream of almost every celebrity; however, many do not get a chance to go there. Do you know Jacques won three awards during the Cannes Film Festival?
The net worth of Jacques
Talking about the net worth of Jacques Cousteau, it is $4 million. Cousteau’s source of income was Oceanographer.
Death of Jacques Cousteau
Jacques died on June 25, 1997. He died due to cardiac arrest. He was in Paris during his last breath. Cousteau died after two weeks of his 85th birthday.
Also check: Alain Aspect: French Physicist & Bell Test
Jacques Cousteau Quotes
- For most of history, man has had to fight nature to survive; in this century he is beginning to realize that, in order to survive, he must protect it.
- The future is in the hands of those who explore… and from all the beauty they discover while crossing perpetually receding frontiers, they develop for nature and for humankind an infinite love.
- The sea, the great unifier, is man’s only hope. Now, as never before, the old phrase has a literal meaning: we are all in the same boat.
- The United Nation’s goal is to reduce population selectively by encouraging abortion, forced sterilization, and control of human reproduction, and regards two-thirds of the human population as excess baggage, with 350,000 people to be eliminated per day.
- No aquarium, no tank in a marine land, however spacious it may be, can begin to duplicate the conditions of the sea. And no dolphin who inhabits one of those aquariums or one of those marine lands can be considered normal.
- There are no boundaries in the real Planet Earth. No United States, no Soviet Union, no China, no Taiwan…Rivers flow unimpeded across the swaths of continents. The persistent tides – the pulse of the sea – do not discriminate; they push against all the varied shores on Earth.
1. When did Jacques Cousteau die?
Jacques-Yves Cousteau died age 87 of a heart attack on June 25, 1997, in Paris.
2. What did Jacques Cousteau invent?
The inventions of Jacques-Yves Cousteau was no pioneer has inspired more humans to dive into the underwater world of our ocean.
3. Write the names of books written by Jacques Cousteau?
In addition to The Silent World, Cousteau also wrote Par 18 meters de fond (Through 18 meters of Water), The Living Sea, Three Adventures: Galápagos, Titicaca, the Blue Holes, Dolphins, and Jacques Cousteau: The Ocean World.
4. To whom did Jacques Cousteau marry?
In 1937, Cousteau married Simone Melchior. They had two sons, Jean-Michel and Phillipe.